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Dolby Vision's complete ecosystem uses innovation to drive better storytelling.
Dolby Vision™ takes full advantage of today's advanced digital cinema cameras and best delivers the creative intent of the filmmaker to the consumer. It starts at the camera lens on set.
Today's digital cinema and live broadcast cameras can capture up to 15 stops of dynamic range and a wider color palette—much more than the current Rec. 709 HD monitors can display. Dolby Vision capable monitors offer the dynamic range and color gamut necessary for professionals and ultimately consumers to see the entire latitude and color volume that these cameras capture.
On-set workflows for feature film and episodic TV have evolved to a file-based workflow in many cases. The files can be in a wide range of formats and types, including EXR, Log, RAW, and PQ. It's best to stay at a minimum of 4:4:4 12-bit video quality throughout the process, with the ultimate goal of the RAW files making it to final color correction.
To make sure what you see is what you get, on-set monitors and on-set data management systems should support playback in high dynamic range (HDR) with a minimum contrast ratio of 120,000:1 and a P3 color space.
Although viewing dailies in full dynamic range and color gamut is not entirely necessary, doing so helps ensure that all creatives can see the full-quality image and make informed decisions.
Watch a high-level overview of the production and postproduction workflows involved in creating Dolby Vision content.
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With the expanded luminance of Dolby Vision, each scene is created with a range of colors much closer to what the eye actually sees.
Dolby Vision White Paper
Dolby Vision offers powerful, flexible creation and editing capabilities.
Creating visual effects (VFX) for Dolby Vision uses the workflow and practices that film and TV professionals commonly rely on today. VFX artists are already delivering the high dynamic range 16-bit image sequences needed. The key to success comes in monitoring the image. Dolby Vision capable monitors enable the artist to see the full dynamic range and color volume, minimally at the VFX supervisor's station before the images are sent out.
Monitoring VFX for cinema or television today on only a standard Rec. 709 monitor requires the artist to bracket the image exposure in order to see either highlights or black details of the image data in the VFX shot, sometimes limiting the view of the full results.
With Dolby Vision capable monitors, the artist can simultaneously see the entire dynamic range and color volume of the VFX shot without adjusting the image. This ensures high confidence that the VFX shot can be matched and composited with other live action or VFX material.
Editing content for delivery in Dolby Vision can be accomplished today through standard dynamic range (SDR) proxies without any changes to editorial tools or process. In the future, editors and directors will want to edit while viewing the fullest possible dynamic range and wide color gamut so that the visual drama delivered in Dolby Vision can become part of the editorial decision-making process.
Once the color-grading process is complete and the Dolby Vision mezzanine file is created, further editing may be needed to create versioned deliverables localized for language, political or cultural sensitivities, and even creative changes. This can be achieved with an approved Dolby Vision ecosystem editing product, which retains the entire dynamic range and color information on the timeline, as well as Dolby Vision dynamic metadata, which is key in retaining the artistic intent of the content creators all the way to consumer playback. Once edited, the Dolby Vision metadata is reconformed in the editing tool to create the new final Dolby Vision mezzanine file.
Dolby Vision best delivers the artistic intent of the filmmaker.
Creating the Dolby Vision master grade is similar to existing color-grading workflows for both cinema and home grading. The goal is to preserve more of what the camera originally captured and limit creative trade-offs. This is achieved by unique Dolby® technology and its leveraging of dynamic metadata—shot by shot and frame by frame—to preserve dynamic range and the wider color gamut and to best deliver the artistic intent of the filmmakers on multiple different displays.
The Dolby Vision home master is established on a minimum-spec Dolby Vision mastering monitor and on the Dolby Vision laser projection system for the theatrical grade. Both devices are capable of high brightness levels, high contrast ratios, and a wide color gamut. The grade is created in the traditional fashion, except that the imagery data is HDR and is specified in PQ space (SMPTE ST 2084:2014), a perceptual space based on the human visual system, pioneered by Dolby.
Once this process is done, the Dolby Vision capable color-grading system analyzes the master grade and saves the metadata that describes the creative decisions made on the mastering monitor, scene by scene and frame by frame. The content is then mapped to a Rec. 709 reference display at a standard brightness of 100 nits to create more metadata, and the colorist performs a trim pass to best maintain the creative intent on the SDR version.
The output of the Dolby Vision grading workflow is the image sequence plus the dynamic metadata, which (combined with audio) feeds the Dolby Vision mastering tool that creates the mezzanine file. A Dolby Vision enabled encoder application uses the mezzanine file and generates the Dolby Vision codec. Dolby Vision consumer devices then map the content generated by this process to their best brightness and color-gamut capabilities.
A Dolby Vision Certified Service Provider is a professional post facility that has met the following requirements:
1017 N. Las Palmas Ave.Hollywood, California 90038USA
Mastering for Home
3401 Exposition Blvd.Santa Monica, CA 90404USA
Mastering for Cinema and Home
10202 W. Washington Blvd.Culver City, CA 90232USA
1144 N. Las Palmas Ave.Hollywood, CA 90056USA
6344 Fountain AveHollywood, CA 90056USA
50 West 2nd Avenue Vancouver, BC V5Y1B3 CANADA
6381 De Longpre Ave Los Angeles, CA 90028USA
2211 N. Hollywood Way Burbank, CA 91505USA
Quality Control for Home
217 S. Lake St.Burbank, CA 91502USA
6040 Sunset Blvd.Los Angeles, CA 90028USA
218 W. 18th Street New York NY 10003USA
901 King’s Street West, Suite 700 Toronto, ON M5V3H5 CANADA
580 BroadwayNew York, NY 10012USA
12 Desbrosses St.New York, NY 10013USA
110 Leroy Street2nd FloorNew York, NY 10014USA
9 Kai Cheung Rd.Sino Industrial Plaza, Unit 1-2, 7FKowloon Bay Hong Kong Island 999077Hong Kong CHINA
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Dolby Vision at Home
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